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Modernisation of consumer law through the harmonisation of contracts for the sale of goods

Modernisation of consumer law through the harmonisation of contracts for the sale of goods

On 31 March 2022, a legislative Act that tends to make sizeable alterations to the sale of customer products was printed in the Belgian Point out Gazette. This legislation transposes into Belgian legislation two European directives: EU Directive 2019/770 on specific areas concerning contracts for the supply of electronic written content and electronic companies and EU Directive 2019/771 on sure facets regarding contracts for the sale of merchandise. This site focuses on the transposition of the latter and highlights its most significant alterations.


Having into account the improvement of the electronic industry, EU Directive 2019/771 of 20 May perhaps 2019 presents for the increased harmonisation of specific factors relating to contracts for the sale of goods. It problems a most harmonisation. Of course, this does not avert the seller from offering the purchaser contractual preparations that go over and above the security presented for by legislation.

The Act problems the sale of purchaser goods. It amends Articles 1649bis to 1649octies of the aged Civil Code. Whilst Directive 2019/771 should have been transposed into national regulation by 1 July 2021 and the steps needed to comply with the Directive really should have utilized because 1 January 2022, the Belgian legislator did not meet up with these deadlines. The new Belgian provisions will implement to sales concluded just after 1 June 2022.

The highlights of these new provisions

A initial essential modify is that the substance scope has been prolonged. Consumer goods do not only go over any tangible movable item but also items with electronic things. An instance of the latter would be items with “embedded software” such as a smartphone with a pre-installed running software. Client merchandise do not include the sale of electronic material and digital providers. In scenario of any question about the right qualification, the provisions on the sale of shopper items prevail.

A 2nd improve issues the idea of “conformity”. The Act includes subjective as effectively as aim specifications for conformity. Subjective requirements relate, among other factors, to the particular characteristics and reasons for which the client will use the items and of which he or she has knowledgeable the vendor. Aim prerequisites are, for instance, the reasons for which merchandise of the same style are employed.

Third, a distinct subjective prerequisite is that, for products with electronic features, the seller has an obligation to provide the client with updates. This can contain protection or other technological updates for holding the items in conformity during a period of time of time that can be fairly predicted by the shopper (i.e. for how extended will the customer fairly use the products). This will count on the situations and mother nature of the goods and the contract.

A fourth vital modification considerations the seller’s liability for the deficiency of conformity. As ahead of, the seller is liable for any defects that exist at the time of a good’s supply and that become apparent in just two years soon after that shipping. Nevertheless, the load of evidence for demonstrating a defect has been simplified. The presumption of non-conformity is extended from 6 months to 2 yrs from the date of shipping. So, for the duration of this time period, the customer does not have to supply proof of the defect. But the buyer however has the obligation to notify these kinds of a defect within just 2 months of 1st noticing it. The seller may well select to give the purchaser a extended interval.

Finally, the modalities all over the workout of remedies and the invocation of commercial guarantees by customers have been additional elaborated. Also, infringements of the provisions can from now be topic to audits by the Financial Inspection Service and can be penalised in accordance with the provisions of Ebook XV of the Economic Code.


The new provisions on the sale of purchaser merchandise ensure a bigger degree of customer security. The new laws now explicitly encompasses merchandise with electronic elements and strengthens the legal warranty by extending the presumption of absence of conformity from 6 months to two many years right after shipping.