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New Virginia Law Prohibits Pay-If-Paid Clauses in Construction Contracts | Cozen O’Connor

New Virginia Law Prohibits Pay-If-Paid Clauses in Construction Contracts | Cozen O’Connor

On April 27, 2022, Virginia Governor Glenn Youngkin signed Senate Bill 550 into law, amending a part of the Virginia Prompt Payment Act and a ingredient of the Virginia wage theft statute. Va. Code § 2.2-4354 and VA. Code § 11-4.6. The improvements affiliated with the law now prohibit “pay-if-paid” clauses in both of those personal and public building contracts in the commonwealth of Virginia. The legislation is set to just take effect on January 1, 2023. As a end result, contractors and subcontractors have to very carefully ponder their latest standard contracts and learn agreements to decide whether or not they will comply with the legislative variations moving ahead. By proactively crafting new language inside their standard construction contracts, contractors and subcontractors might prevent extra liability outlined in the new statute related to payment for effectively invoiced and completed work.

Spend-IF-Paid Versus Pay back-WHEN-Paid CLAUSES

This regulation, in result, bans pay back-if-paid clauses and permits no additional than a spend-when-paid clause. What is the change? A pay back-if-paid out clause shifts all of the threat for payment by the proprietor from the typical contractor or upper-tier subcontractors to the reduce-tier subcontractors by stating that the general contractor has no obligation to pay the subcontractors right until the standard contractor gets payment from the proprietor, generating this sort of receipt of payment a issue precedent. In contrast, a shell out-when-paid clause presents the common contractor or upper-tier subcontractor with a acceptable time period in which to receive payment from the operator and then remit payment to the decrease-tier functions.

Previously, typical contractors or higher-tier subcontractors could wait to fork out their subcontractors until they acquired payment for the task from the operator — fork out-if-paid as it was styled — shifting the possibility indefinitely to the decrease-tier subcontractors, as receipt of payment from the proprietor or upper-tier contractor was a problem precedent to any duty to fork out the reduce-tier. After the new law can take outcome in January 2023, only pay out-when-paid out clauses, setting up a reasonable time interval for payment, will be enforceable. The legislation will make a most essential 60-working day provision for payment, earning it necessary for all venture house owners to pay their contractors within reported 60-working day timeframe. Reduce subcontracts will also need that all higher-tier contractors spend their subcontractors inside the “earlier of sixty (60) times following their subcontractor’s bill submittal or 7 days after the receipt of the amount paid by the owner or increased-tier contractor.”

It bears noting that the 60-day payment need fails to use to public bodies who are not outlined as an “owner” in the laws. To be apparent, the laws defines an operator as a human being or entity, other than a community body as outlined in § 2.2-4301, liable for contracting with a basic contractor for the procurement of a development agreement. Simply because these provisions will be necessary for all design contracts going ahead, all normal and subcontractors ought to critique the payment terms of their present design contracts for compliance, undoubtedly all those that will continue to be in effect as of January 1, 2023.

The legislation leaves some ambiguities. For occasion, the legislation fails to define what constitutes completion of the outstanding payments. On the other hand, task proprietors are cautioned that if they intend to withhold payment for a undertaking, they should do so in composing and offer affordable specificity of the good reasons for their nonpayment/withholding.


Subcontractors are shielded from the danger affiliated with nonpayment at concentrations higher than their agreement under the new regulation. Furthermore, ought to an operator are unsuccessful to make well timed payments as defined over, it could be liable for curiosity payments less than the Prompt Payment Act. These payments would be established at 1 {e421c4d081ed1e1efd2d9b9e397159b409f6f1af1639f2363bfecd2822ec732a} per thirty day period (12 per cent for each annum) unless or else outlined in the prepared agreement. Owners could consider incorporating a nominal desire fee to their typical contracts to stunt the possible influence from these alterations.

Also, each basic or subcontractor should still be prepared to make payments to the decreased-tier contractors no matter of no matter whether it gets payment from the upstream bash. The new statute involves that:

Payment by the get together contracting with the contractor shall not be a situation precedent to payment to any reduced-tier subcontractor, no matter of that contractor receiving payment for quantities owed to that contractor, unless the occasion contracting with the contractor is bancrupt or a debtor in bankruptcy as described in § 50-73.79.

In furtherance of this provision, common contractors must take into consideration demanding proof of fiscal assurance from homeowners. On the other hand, as observed earlier mentioned, need to an operator or standard contractor be bancrupt or file for bankruptcy protections, there is no obligation to fork out the subcontractors for their function executed and appropriately invoiced.

This new law is in adhere to-up to some other jurisdictions which have, as a make a difference of statute or common legislation (case legislation), located that pay-if-paid clauses are towards general public policy or in any other case not great regulation. Even though the law will generate new protections for prime and subcontractors alike, it will undoubtedly consequence in judicial situations specified some of the ambiguities in the regulation.